Summary: There were many Babylonian kings with the name of Nebuchadnezzar, but it’s
likely Yeshua was referring to Nebuchadnezzar II, who reigned c. 605 BCE — c. 562
BCE, and is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Y:10:69).
While Yeshua was teaching at the house of Demitrius in the city of Hippos, he made
reference to several builders of empire, including: Tiglath-Pileser, Nebuchadnezzar,
Cyrus of Persia, and Alexander of Macedonia. Yeshua mentioned these historical figures
to portray the rise and inevitable fall of empires built by those who enslave and
take dominion over others (Y:10:60-80).