Now Adam dwelt for a season in the land between the great rivers, even the Tigris
and Euphrates, and he walked among the children of men eastward in Eden. And when
he saw that the land was good, he planted a garden there.
Summary: Scripture often refers to the “land between the two great rivers”, referring
to the region of Mesopotamia and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Tigris river
is east of the Euphrates river, flowing south from the mountains of southeastern
Turkey through Iraq, to empty into the Persian Gulf. Mesopotamia became one of the
earth’s cradles of civilization, eventually hosting the emergence of the first Sumerian
• Various tribes of the Enoshahim established camps along the Nile, as well as the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers (6:5:40-41, 44).
• Adam established a garden east of the concourse of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
• Wine created by the vintners of Zion (established near Sumer by the Euphrates river)
was in such great demand that merchants from across the land, even beyond the Tigris,
would come to purchase it (B:10:30).
• The prophet Enoch and his son Methuselah journeyed throughout the ‘land of the
two great rivers’ seeking the righteous (B:13:40; B:14:59).
• Shem, the oldest son of Noah, led an expedition from Mount Ararat to the ‘land
of the two great rivers’ (B:23:5-11).
Now the woman, Hazar-Gabatha, caused that a variety of vineyards should be planted
round about the walls of Zion, and the wine therefrom did she cause to be divided
into two lots: for unto the temple would go the finest and the best;
And of the second lot would merchants come from the lands round about, from Calneh
and Shinar, from Uruk beyond Tigris to Sumer would merchants come to purchase with
gold and silver and all manner of precious stones the wines of Zion.
For already had many clans fled eastward, to leave behind the lands of the Nile;
hoping that in their wandering they might find another land where the Enoshahim did
not dwell; causing that there should enter into Mesopotamia the many clans of the
screelings, to camp themselves beside the Tigris and Euphrates.
But soon again there fell upon them another tribe of the Enoshahim, which very tribe
the sons and daughters of Shaemdiel had themselves established along the banks of
the Tigris and Euphrates; being in their laws and customs similar to the Enoshahim
which dwelt along the Nile.