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Herod Antipas

 

Pronunciation:  HAYR-ruhd + AN-tih-puhs

Occurrences:  38

First Reference:  Yeshua 1:4

 

Now in Caesarea did Pilate rule harshly over the lands of Palestine, being made subject himself unto Vitellius, Governor of Syria. Yet in Galilee and Perea did Herod reign wickedly, having been made king by Caesar Augustus.

 

 

See:  Chuza, Herodians, John the Baptizer

 

Summary:  Son of Herod the Great, and brother to Herod Philip and Herod Archelaus, Herod Antipas was the tetrarch (king) of Galilee and Perea from 4 BCE to 39 CE. Herod Antipas was responsible for ordering the beheading of John the Baptizer, having been convinced to do so by a delegation of scribes and Pharisees from Jerusalem (Y:5:28-49). When Herod heard of Yeshua, he was troubled because many said the Nazarene was John risen from the dead (Y:7:68-70).

 

Herod Antipas sought to converse with Yeshua throughout his ministry, but Yeshua always managed to avoid meeting with the troubled king (Y:7:72; 39:59-65). After having Yeshua illegally arrested, the chief priests— hoping to avoid public scrutiny— sent him to Herod Antipas with the intent of convincing the king to put the Nazarene to death (Y:46:61-68). However, when Yeshua was brought before the king, Herod refused to pass judgment out of guilt over the death of John, and fear that Yeshua was indeed a prophet of God (Y:47:13-14).

 

 

Azrael’s Commentary - Herod Antipas

 

Brother of Herod Philip and Herod Archelaus, and the son and successor of Herod the Great, Herod Antipas was the tetrarch (king) of Galilee and Perea. He ruled up to 39 CE, when he was banished to the south of France under the orders of Caligula, the Emperor of Rome.

Herod Antipas was a cruel man often given to debauchery. He was forever trying to upstage or embarrass his brother Philip. Antipas seduced the wife of Philip (her name was Herodias), causing her to abandon her husband and move into the court of Antipas. This behavior was publicly opposed and rebuked by John the Baptizer. In a fit of rage, Herod Antipas ordered John’s arrest and eventually gave the order that cost John his life. Yeshua always avoided Antipas and publicly refused to even speak with him.

Herod Antipas died in a drunken stupor at a feast which he had given. He awoke late at his party to find his guests asleep from too much wine and food. Antipas got up to relieve himself and stumbled into a bathing pool where he drowned. At his funeral, there was not even one mourner at the graveside.

 

Azrael’s Commentary - Herodians

 

The political faction within Israel whose aim it was to promote the interest of Herod Antipas. This faction was comprised of members from Herod’s family, palace officers, court ministers and members of the day-to-day administrative bureaucracy. The Herodians had secular interests, not religious ones.

It should be noted that the religious leaders of Jerusalem despised Herod Antipas, and were always working to undermine his authority within Israel. When it became known that the rulers of the temple were hotly opposed to Yeshua and his teachings, the Herodians saw an opportunity to boost the popular support for their King, while at the same time taking popular support away from the religious leaders of Jerusalem.

All the Herodians had to do was to get Yeshua and Herod together, and then have Yeshua say something nice about the King. And since Yeshua was, himself, very popular because of his miracles and his rebuking of temple leaders, this popular support would then shift in favor to the King. However, as can be seen from scripture, Yeshua would never see the King, and he avoided the Herodians whenever possible.

 

Azrael’s Commentary - Chuza

 

Chief steward in the palace of Herod Antipas, Chuza became a believer in Yeshua through the efforts of his wife Joanna, and of his friend Matthew. Chuzu is primarily responsible for Herod’s refusal to pass judgment against Yeshua (Yeshua 47:13-14).

 

 

 

Notes/References:

 

And the chief priests and scribes from that day forth kept watch over the Nazarene daily, sending unto the Lord many spies which, for a pretense, would seem just men;

For they desired to take hold of his words to turn against him, that thereby they might deliver him unto the power and authority of them which ruled.

For they which were of the temple, being privy to the intrigues of the High Priest, would not that they should appear before the people to kill the Lord, lest all Israel rise against them;

For this cause did they desire to bring the Lord unto Herod Antipas that perchance he might kill him even as he killed John; and if he would not, then would they deliver the Lord unto Pilate.

But these things did they conspire to do privily, desiring to be seen of men as innocent, being held blameless in the death of the Holy One of Israel.

Yeshua  38:1-5

 

Herculeum
Herod Archelaus
Palestine after Herod-MAP

The Division of Herod's Kingdom:

 

        Tetrarchy (Judea) under Herod Archelaus

        Territory under Herod Antipas

        Territory under Herod Philip

        Salome I (cities of Jabneh, Azotas, Phaesalis)

        Roman province of Syria

        Autonomous cities (Decapolis)