Summary: Son of Herod the Great, Herod Archelaus came to rule Sumaria, Judea and
Idumea after the death of his father. He rule for approximately nine years (c. 4
BCE — 6 CE), before was removed by Emperor Augustus when the Judaea province came
under Roman rule. He was the half brother of Herod Philip and brother to Herod Antipas.
Herod Antipas was a cruel man often given to debauchery. He was forever trying to
upstage or embarrass his brother Philip. Antipas seduced the wife of Philip (her
name was Herodias), causing her to abandon her husband and move into the court of
Antipas. This behavior was publicly opposed and rebuked by John the Baptizer. In
a fit of rage, Herod Antipas ordered John’s arrest and eventually gave the order
that cost John his life. Yeshua always avoided Antipas and publicly refused to even
speak with him.
Herod Antipas died in a drunken stupor at a feast which he had given. He awoke late
at his party to find his guests asleep from too much wine and food. Antipas got up
to relieve himself and stumbled into a bathing pool where he drowned. At his funeral,
there was not even one mourner at the graveside.