And of the second lot would merchants come from the lands round about, from Calneh
and Shinar, from Uruk beyond Tigris to Sumer would merchants come to purchase with
gold and silver and all manner of precious stones the wines of Zion.
Summary: Uruk was one of several cities of ancient Mesopotamia that came to be included
within the first Sumerian Empire, established by Cain. Uruk was likely located east
‘beyond’ the Tigris river (B:10:30). The city was among several which were overthrown
and conquered with the rise Yasher-Baal and his autocracy. Yasher-Baal placed his
son Marduk on the thrown of Uruk (B:11:34-37). Other cities which fell under the
rule of Yasher-Baal included: Kish, Shinar, Calneh, and Babel.